Poor farm output and lack of job opportunities in rural areas have led to an increase in rural-urban migration, an industry body survey has said.
"This has led to increased pressure on infrastructure in cities," PHD Chamber survey said.On an average, the farm output grew by only 2.5 per cent and food grains 1.6 per cent during the 2001-11 period, it said.
Despite several employment generation schemes implemented by the government, the rural unemployment remains higher at 10.1 per cent than 7.3 per cent in urban areas, according to the survey.
Further, it says, increased rural-urban migration has led to an increase in number of slum dwellers in the country.
Of the total 48,994 slums estimated in India, Maharashtra has the maximum at 17,019, followed by Andhra Pradesh 5,249 and West Bengal at 5,049, it said.
However, the study said, Madhya Pradesh has least number of slums in the country.The slum population grew by 23.6 per cent per annum, surpassing the overall population growth of 17.6 per cent in past one decade, it added.