Amid concerns over gradual rise in dengue cases in Delhi, which will soon host the Commonwealth Games, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) has requested the citizens to join hands in prevention of dengue. Since dengue is a viral illness with cyclical trend of increase in cases after every 3-4 years which coincides with Commonwealth Games this year, there is an urgent need to take adequate precautions against dengue.
The Commonwealth Games will be held in October, a month which generally sees high prevalence of dengue.
MCD is adequately equipped with 118 fogging machines which are being regularly used for fogging operations and insecticidal spray is also being done in major rain water drains besides supply of medicines to all wards and holding frequent health camps to create public awareness about the viral fevers.
"On analysis of data it has been observed that case fatality rate due to dengue has decreased in Delhi -- from 4.12 per cent (1996) to 1.49 per cent (2006). This has been made possible only due to improved case management," the corporation said in a press statement.
Mean while in Mumbai, July has seen almost three-fold rise in malaria cases in the city compared to the corresponding period last year.
According to the data available with the local civic body, in July alone, 12,000 people tested positive from the 1 lakh slides taken in house-to-house surveys. Last year, during the same period, there were 4,380 positive cases.
According to a civic official, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has taken several measures, including extra beds, special OPDs, door-to-door screening of patients in malaria-prone areas and slums, to tackle the increasing flow of patients with suspected malaria.
Mumbai has about 2,500 construction sites where 2.5 lakh workers are employed.
While most people are aware that dengue is dangerous, and that mosquitoes spread it, there are still quite a number of misconceptions about this potentially fatal disease. Knowing what is true and what is not can help you protect your family from dengue.
Myth: Denge mosquitoes breed in dirty water.
Fact: Actually, this type of mosquito breeds in clean , stagnat water. This adds to the danger of the disease among households since there are so many unexpected objects and placesIN a typical home where clean water collect and mosquitoes can breed - flower vases, dish drains, water containers and the like.
Myth: Dengue occurs only during the rainy season.
Fact: While it may be more prevalent when the rains come, dengue occurs all year round. the white-striped aedes aegypti mosquito can lay eggs that can stay dormant for up to 9 months especially during the dry season.
Myth: Dengue can only be contracted once.
Fact: There are 4 strains of the dengue virus. People who had already been infected by one particular strain are still at risk of being infected by another, so it never safe for some1 to assume that he or she is already immune.
The following are a few safeguards that one must follow in order to keep all diseases and infections at bay.
In order to prevent water-borne diseases, do not drink water which is not properly boiled and stored. Drinking water should be boiled and properly filtered. Avoid consuming food that is exposed to the surroundings for quite a long time, since food that is exposed for along time are contaminated by germs, which if enter the body, may cause various infections. Flies are the most common carriers of germs that mostly cause contamination.
Therefore remember to cook the vegetables well and steam them properly to kill the germ content in them, if any. Eat foodstuffs with high fibre content and add barley, rice and wheat to the food as they facilitate digestion and also strengthen the digestive system.
Immune-nutrients which are present in numerous food items should be consumed regularly as they help in building the body's immunity and enhance its ability to fight infection.
Natural herbs like ashwagandha, guduchi and kesar are rich in immune-nutrients. They help in controlling stress, energising the body and rejuvenating the immune system.
Foodstuffs like barley, rice, wheat, amla and shatavari facilitate and strengthen the digestive system.
Diabetic patients need to take extra care of their feet during monsoon season. These patients should take specific care as not to walk bare-foot since the soil on which they walk is a reservoir of all types of germs. Asthma patients also need to take special care during monsoon as they should ensure that there is no accumulation and seepage of water from the vicinity of their residence since that will cause severe health problems. They should also ensure that fungus does not grow in the wooden furniture, and in other articles like shoes and leather bags.
Prohibit mosquito - breeding since they are also carriers of deadly germs. Do not let water accumulate in your surroundings. Put a few drops of kerosene or Phenyl in the stagnant water to check the undesired mosquito breeding. Mosquito net should be used wherever possible.
Apart from naturally occurring diseases described above, electric injury due to leakage of current, water dripping onto live electric wiring, electrocution is also common. It would be wise to give a thorough checkup to the wirings, switches, plugs, and the positioning of the wires around the house. Furthermore do not forget the electrical appliances. In case of any fault attend to them at the earliest.
Also take care of your children who love to splash through water logged streets, this could be dangerous. Water logging conceals a lot of rubbish filling over from dustbins, drains and manholes. It often contains glass pieces, stone chips slivers of wood and other substances. These can inflict serious injuries on tender bare feet. Thus a little effort on your part coupled with care and caution can really help you enjoy this monsoon to its fullest. Be extra alert and observe these safety guidelines.